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Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers

Install or repair heating, central air conditioning, HVAC, or refrigeration systems, including oil burners, hot-air furnaces, and heating stoves.

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    Work Activities

    Work Activities

    • Repair or replace defective equipment, components, or wiring.
    • Measure, cut, thread, or bend pipe or tubing, using pipe fitter's tools.
    • Discuss heating or cooling system malfunctions with users to isolate problems or to verify that repairs corrected malfunctions.
    • Install or repair self-contained ground source heat pumps or hybrid ground or air source heat pumps to minimize carbon-based energy consumption and reduce carbon emissions.
    • Install expansion and control valves, using acetylene torches and wrenches.
    • Study blueprints, design specifications, or manufacturers' recommendations to ascertain the configuration of heating or cooling equipment components and to ensure the proper installation of components.
    • Connect heating or air conditioning equipment to fuel, water, or refrigerant source to form complete circuit.
    • Lift and align components into position, using hoist or block and tackle.
    • Recommend, develop, or perform preventive or general maintenance procedures, such as cleaning, power-washing, or vacuuming equipment, oiling parts, or changing filters.
    • Test electrical circuits or components for continuity, using electrical test equipment.
    • Repair or replace defective equipment, components, or wiring.
    • Measure, cut, thread, or bend pipe or tubing, using pipe fitter's tools.
    • Install or repair air purification systems, such as specialized filters or ultraviolet (UV) light purification systems.
    • Install or repair air purification systems, such as specialized filters or ultraviolet (UV) light purification systems.
    • Schedule work with customers and initiate work orders, house requisitions, and orders from stock.
    • Supervise and instruct assistants.
    • Supervise and instruct assistants.
    • Mount compressor, condenser, and other components in specified locations on frames, using hand tools and acetylene welding equipment.
    • Estimate, order, pick up, deliver, and install materials and supplies needed to maintain equipment in good working condition.
    • Install auxiliary components to heating or cooling equipment, such as expansion or discharge valves, air ducts, pipes, blowers, dampers, flues, or stokers.
    • Install or repair self-contained ground source heat pumps or hybrid ground or air source heat pumps to minimize carbon-based energy consumption and reduce carbon emissions.
    • Keep records of repairs and replacements made and causes of malfunctions.
    • Record and report time, materials, faults, deficiencies, or other unusual occurrences on work orders.
    • Cut or drill holes in floors, walls, or roof to install equipment, using power saws or drills.
    • Install, connect, or adjust thermostats, humidistats, or timers.
    • Estimate, order, pick up, deliver, and install materials and supplies needed to maintain equipment in good working condition.
    • Comply with all applicable standards, policies, or procedures, such as safety procedures or the maintenance of a clean work area.
    • Inspect and test systems to verify system compliance with plans and specifications or to detect and locate malfunctions.
    • Install dehumidifiers or related equipment for spaces that require cool, dry air to operate efficiently, such as computer rooms.
    • Lay out reference points for installation of structural and functional components, using measuring instruments.
    • Braze or solder parts to repair defective joints and leaks.
    • Repair or replace defective equipment, components, or wiring.
    • Perform mechanical overhauls and refrigerant reclaiming.
    • Lay out and connect electrical wiring between controls and equipment, according to wiring diagrams, using electrician's hand tools.
    • Adjust system controls to settings recommended by manufacturer to balance system.
    • Install, connect, or adjust thermostats, humidistats, or timers.
    • Estimate, order, pick up, deliver, and install materials and supplies needed to maintain equipment in good working condition.

    Skills

    • Repairing

      Repairing machines or systems using the right tools.

    • Reading Comprehension

      Reading work-related information.

    • Active Learning

      Figuring out how to use new ideas or things.

    • Monitoring

      Keeping track of how well people and/or groups are doing in order to make improvements.

    • Persuasion

      Talking people into changing their minds or their behavior.

    • Complex Problem Solving

      Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.

    • Operations Analysis

      Figuring out what a product or service needs to be able to do.

    • Operations Monitoring

      Watching gauges, dials, or display screens to make sure a machine is working.

    • Writing

      Writing things for co-workers or customers.

    • Speaking

      Talking to others.

    • Coordination

      Changing what is done based on other people's actions.

    • Installation

      Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or computer programs.

    • Service Orientation

      Looking for ways to help people.

    • Equipment Selection

      Deciding what kind of tools and equipment are needed to do a job.

    • Instructing

      Teaching people how to do something.

    • Technology Design

      Making equipment and technology useful for customers.

    • Operation and Control

      Using equipment or systems.

    • Systems Analysis

      Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in the future will affect it.

    • Equipment Maintenance

      Planning and doing the basic maintenance on equipment.

    • Systems Evaluation

      Measuring how well a system is working and how to improve it.

    • Management of Financial Resources

      Making spending decisions and keeping track of what is spent.

    • Troubleshooting

      Figuring out what is causing equipment, machines, wiring, or computer programs to not work.

    • Time Management

      Managing your time and the time of other people.

    • Management of Material Resources

      Managing equipment and materials.

    • Management of Personnel Resources

      Selecting and managing the best workers for a job.

    • Quality Control Analysis

      Testing how well a product or service works.

    • Judgment and Decision Making

      Thinking about the pros and cons of different options and picking the best one.

    • Active Listening

      Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.

    • Mathematics

      Using math to solve problems.

    • Science

      Using scientific rules and strategies to solve problems.

    • Critical Thinking

      Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.

    • Learning Strategies

      Using the best training or teaching strategies for learning new things.

    • Social Perceptiveness

      Understanding people's reactions.

    • Negotiation

      Bringing people together to solve differences.

    • Programming

      Writing computer programs.

    WorkKeys®

    Applied Math
    4
    Workplace Documents
    4
    Graphic Literacy
    5

    Abilities

    • Peripheral Vision

      Seeing something to your side when your are looking ahead.

    • Inductive Reasoning

      Making general rules or coming up with answers from lots of detailed information.

    • Information Ordering

      Ordering or arranging things.

    • Mathematical Reasoning

      Choosing the right type of math to solve a problem.

    • Oral Comprehension

      Listening and understanding what people say.

    • Written Expression

      Communicating by writing.

    • Night Vision

      Seeing at night or under low light.

    • Memorization

      Remembering words, numbers, pictures, or steps.

    • Number Facility

      Adding, subtracting, multiplying, or dividing.

    • Time Sharing

      Doing two or more things at the same time.

    • Rate Control

      Changing when and how fast you move based on how something else is moving.

    • Wrist-Finger Speed

      Making fast, simple, repeated movements of your fingers, hands, and wrists.

    • Manual Dexterity

      Holding or moving items with your hands.

    • Stamina

      Exercising for a long time without getting out of breath.

    • Sound Localization

      Noticing the direction that a sound came from.

    • Gross Body Coordination

      Moving your arms, legs, and mid-section together while your whole body is moving.

    • Gross Body Equilibrium

      Keeping your balance or staying upright.

    • Speed of Limb Movement

      Quickly moving your arms and legs.

    • Flexibility of Closure

      Seeing hidden patterns.

    • Speed of Closure

      Quickly knowing what you are looking at.

    • Arm-Hand Steadiness

      Keeping your arm or hand steady.

    • Response Orientation

      Quickly deciding if you should move your hand, foot, or other body part.

    • Multilimb Coordination

      Using your arms and/or legs together while sitting, standing, or lying down.

    • Spatial Orientation

      Knowing where things are around you.

    • Trunk Strength

      Using your lower back and stomach.

    • Near Vision

      Seeing details up close.

    • Static Strength

      Lifting, pushing, pulling, or carrying.

    • Far Vision

      Seeing details that are far away.

    • Hearing Sensitivity

      Telling the difference between sounds.

    • Glare Sensitivity

      Seeing something even if there is a glare or very bright light.

    • Speech Recognition

      Recognizing spoken words.

    • Auditory Attention

      Paying attention to one sound while there are other distracting sounds.

    • Originality

      Creating new and original ideas.

    • Problem Sensitivity

      Noticing when problems happen.

    • Deductive Reasoning

      Using rules to solve problems.

    • Selective Attention

      Paying attention to something without being distracted.

    • Visualization

      Imagining how something will look after it is moved around or changed.

    • Control Precision

      Quickly changing the controls of a machine, car, truck or boat.

    • Finger Dexterity

      Putting together small parts with your fingers.

    • Explosive Strength

      Jumping, sprinting, or throwing something.

    • Depth Perception

      Deciding which thing is closer or farther away from you, or deciding how far away it is from you.

    • Speech Clarity

      Speaking clearly.

    • Reaction Time

      Quickly moving your hand, finger, or foot based on a sound, light, picture or other command.

    • Perceptual Speed

      Quickly comparing groups of letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.

    • Dynamic Strength

      Exercising for a long time without your muscles getting tired.

    • Dynamic Flexibility

      Quickly and repeatedly bending, stretching, twisting, or reaching out with your body, arms, and/or legs.

    • Extent Flexibility

      Bending, stretching, twisting, or reaching with your body, arms, and/or legs.

    • Visual Color Discrimination

      Noticing the difference between colors, including shades and brightness.

    • Written Comprehension

      Reading and understanding what is written.

    • Fluency of Ideas

      Coming up with lots of ideas.

    • Oral Expression

      Communicating by speaking.

    • Category Flexibility

      Grouping things in different ways.

    Knowledge

    • Physics

      Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub-atomic structures and processes.

    • Sociology and Anthropology

      Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures, and their history and origins.

    • Medicine and Dentistry

      Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.

    • Administration and Management

      Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.

    • Computers and Electronics

      Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

    • Telecommunications

      Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.

    • Personnel and Human Resources

      Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.

    • Biology

      Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.

    • Geography

      Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.

    • Production and Processing

      Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.

    • Foreign Language

      Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.

    • Fine Arts

      Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

    • Law and Government

      Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.

    • Public Safety and Security

      Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.

    • Philosophy and Theology

      Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.

    • Building and Construction

      Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.

    • Psychology

      Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.

    • Engineering and Technology

      Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.

    • Communications and Media

      Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.

    • Education and Training

      Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

    • Design

      Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

    • English Language

      Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

    • Customer and Personal Service

      Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.

    • History and Archeology

      Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.

    • Transportation

      Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.

    • Mechanical

      Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

    • Mathematics

      Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

    • Chemistry

      Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.

    • Therapy and Counseling

      Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.

    • Administrative

      Knowledge of administrative and office procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and workplace terminology.

    • Economics and Accounting

      Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking, and the analysis and reporting of financial data.

    • Sales and Marketing

      Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.

    • Food Production

      Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

    Career Video

    Additional videos and more information available on CareerOneStop

    Pay

    • Ohio Annual Salary 50570/yr
    • Typical Salary
    • Ohio Hourly Wage 24.31/hr
    • Typical Hourly Wage

    Ohio Employment Trends

    • Currently Employed 14,620
    • Yearly Projected Openings 1410

    Typical Education

    Personality

    Realistic: People interested in this work like activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions.They do well at jobs that need:
    • Dependability
    • Attention to Detail
    • Innovation
    • Integrity
    • Independence
    • Persistence

    Tools

    • Adjustable widemouth pliers
    • Adjustable wrenches
    • Air compressors
    • Air velocity and temperature monitors
    • Alignment jig
    • Ammeters
    • Anemometers
    • Awls
    • Blocks or pulleys
    • Blow torch
    • Bolt cutters
    • Calibrated resistance measuring equipment
    • Calipers
    • Capacitance meters
    • Carbon monoxide analyzer
    • Caulking guns
    • Chalk lines
    • Chart recorders
    • Chemical test strips or papers
    • Circuit tester
    • Circuit tracers
    • Claw hammer
    • Cold chisels
    • Conduit benders
    • Depth indicators
    • Desktop computers
    • Diagonal cut pliers
    • Dial indicator or dial gauge
    • Drill bit set
    • Drill press or radial drill
    • Electrical frequency meters
    • Electronic measuring probes
    • End cut pliers
    • Explosimeters
    • Feeler gauges
    • Fish tape
    • Flow sensors
    • Flowmeters
    • Forklifts
    • Frequency calibrator or simulator
    • GFI circuit testers
    • Gas detectors
    • Glue guns
    • Goggles
    • Grease guns
    • Hacksaw
    • Hammers
    • Hand reamer
    • Hand sprayers
    • Hand trucks or accessories
    • Handheld refractometers or polarimeters
    • Handheld thermometer
    • Heat tracing equipment
    • Hex keys
    • Hoists
    • Hold down clamps
    • Hole saws
    • Hydraulic pumps
    • Hygrometers
    • Infrared imagers
    • Inspection mirror
    • Jacks
    • Label making machines
    • Ladders
    • Laser printers
    • Leak testing equipment
    • Level sensors or transmitters
    • Levels
    • Lifelines or lifeline equipment
    • Liquid leak detectors
    • Longnose pliers
    • Lug crimping tool dies
    • Magnetic tools
    • Manometers
    • Manual wire straighteners
    • Medical acoustic stethoscopes
    • Megohmmeters
    • Metal band sawing machine
    • Metal cutters
    • Microcontrollers
    • Micrometers
    • Moisture meters
    • Multimeters
    • Notebook computers
    • Nut drivers
    • Ohmmeters
    • Oil gun
    • Oil pumps
    • Open end wrenches
    • Oxygen gas analyzers
    • Personal computers
    • Phasemeters
    • Pipe bending tools
    • Pipe or tube cutter
    • Pipe reamer
    • Pipe wrenches
    • Platform lift
    • Plotter printers
    • Portable data input terminals
    • Potentiometers
    • Power drills
    • Power flaring tool
    • Power grinders
    • Power saws
    • Pressure indicators
    • Pressure or steam cleaners
    • Pressure sensors
    • Pry bars
    • Psychrometers
    • Pullers
    • Punches or nail sets or drifts
    • Razor knives
    • Refrigerant compressors
    • Resistance thermometers
    • Respirators
    • Rulers
    • Safety glasses
    • Safety harnesses or belts
    • Sampling manifolds
    • Scaffolding
    • Scales
    • Scanners
    • Screw extractors
    • Screwdrivers
    • Scribers
    • Shackle
    • Shears
    • Sheet metal pliers
    • Single gas monitors
    • Slings
    • Slip or groove joint pliers
    • Smoke detectors
    • Socket sets
    • Soldering iron
    • Sound measuring apparatus or decibel meter
    • Specialty wrenches
    • Spectrometers
    • Speed sensors
    • Squares
    • Straight edges
    • Strap wrenches
    • Stripping tools
    • Surface thermometers
    • Swaging tools
    • Tachometers
    • Tape measures
    • Telescoping boom lift
    • Temperature calibrator or simulator
    • Temperature gauge
    • Temperature humidity testers
    • Tension testers
    • Thermocouple probes
    • Thermocouples
    • Threading die hand tool
    • Threading taps
    • Tinners snips
    • Tongs
    • Torque wrenches
    • Tube bending machine
    • Two way radios
    • Ultraviolet UV lamps
    • Utility knives
    • Vacuum cleaners
    • Vacuum gauges
    • Vacuum pumps
    • Vibration testers
    • Voltage or current meters
    • Water analyzers
    • Water samplers
    • Wattmeters
    • Welder torch
    • Welding masks
    • Winches
    • Wire brushes
    • Wire cutters
    • Wire lug crimping tool
    • pH meters

    Technology

    • Computer aided design CAD software
    • Customer relationship management CRM software
    • Data base user interface and query software
    • Document management software
    • Electronic mail software
    • Enterprise resource planning ERP software
    • Facilities management software
    • Graphics or photo imaging software
    • Industrial control software
    • Internet browser software
    • Office suite software
    • Presentation software
    • Spreadsheet software
    • Word processing software

    Tags

    • InDemand occupations are considered a priority by the state of Ohio.
    • Apprenticeships are available for this occupation. These programs can help you get hands-on experience and build your skills.
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    Workforce Supply Tool

    Workforce Supply Tool

    The Workforce Supply Tool provides statistics for the occupations in highest demand throughout Ohio.

    You can view statewide statistics as well as more region specific information.

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