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Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters

Assemble, install, alter, and repair pipelines or pipe systems that carry water, steam, air, or other liquids or gases. May install heating and cooling equipment and mechanical control systems. Includes sprinkler fitters.

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    Work Activities

    Work Activities

    • Cut, thread, or hammer pipes to specifications, using tools such as saws, cutting torches, pipe threaders, or pipe benders.
    • Lay out full scale drawings of pipe systems, supports, or related equipment, according to blueprints.
    • Inspect, examine, or test installed systems or pipe lines, using pressure gauge, hydrostatic testing, observation, or other methods.
    • Plan pipe system layout, installation, or repair, according to specifications.
    • Attach pipes to walls, structures, or fixtures, such as radiators or tanks, using brackets, clamps, tools, or welding equipment.
    • Modify, clean, or maintain pipe systems, units, fittings, or related machines or equipment, using hand or power tools.
    • Select pipe sizes, types, or related materials, such as supports, hangers, or hydraulic cylinders, according to specifications.
    • Assemble pipe sections, tubing, or fittings, using couplings, clamps, screws, bolts, cement, plastic solvent, caulking, or soldering, brazing, or welding equipment.
    • Install pipe assemblies, fittings, valves, appliances such as dishwashers or water heaters, or fixtures such as sinks or toilets, using hand or power tools.
    • Install automatic controls to regulate pipe systems.
    • Shut off steam, water, or other gases or liquids from pipe sections, using valve keys or wrenches.
    • Inspect work sites for obstructions or holes that could cause structural weakness.
    • Keep records of work assignments.
    • Fill pipes or plumbing fixtures with water or air and observe pressure gauges to detect and locate leaks.
    • Direct helpers engaged in pipe cutting, preassembly, or installation of plumbing systems or components.
    • Maintain or repair plumbing by replacing defective washers, replacing or mending broken pipes, or opening clogged drains.
    • Install fixtures, appliances, or equipment designed to reduce water or energy consumption.
    • Locate and mark the position of pipe installations, connections, passage holes, or fixtures in structures, using measuring instruments such as rulers or levels.
    • Review blueprints, building codes, or specifications to determine work details or procedures.
    • Install pipe systems to support alternative energy-fueled systems, such as geothermal heating or cooling systems.
    • Estimate time, material, or labor costs for use in project plans.
    • Anchor steel supports from ceiling joists to hold pipes in place.
    • Install underground storm, sanitary, or water piping systems, extending piping as needed to connect fixtures and plumbing.
    • Inspect structures to assess material or equipment needs, to establish the sequence of pipe installations, or to plan installation around obstructions, such as electrical wiring.
    • Install green plumbing equipment, such as faucet flow restrictors, dual-flush or pressure-assisted flush toilets, or tankless hot water heaters.
    • Weld small pipes or special piping, using specialized techniques, equipment, or materials, such as computer-assisted welding or microchip fabrication.
    • Operate motorized pumps to remove water from flooded manholes, basements, or facility floors.
    • Cut openings in structures to accommodate pipes or pipe fittings, using hand or power tools.

    Skills

    • Critical Thinking

      Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

    • Active Listening

      Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

    • Judgment and Decision Making

      Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

    WorkKeys®

    Applied Math
    4
    Workplace Documents
    4
    Graphic Literacy
    4

    Abilities

    • Near Vision

      The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

    • Problem Sensitivity

      The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

    • Arm-Hand Steadiness

      The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.

    Knowledge

    • Mechanical

      Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

    • Building and Construction

      Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.

    • Design

      Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

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    Pay

    • Ohio Annual Salary 58640/yr
    • Typical Salary
    • Ohio Hourly Wage 28.19/hr
    • Typical Hourly Wage

    Ohio Employment Trends

    • Currently Employed 15,150
    • Yearly Projected Openings 1,980

    Typical Education

    Personality

    Realistic: People interested in this work like activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They do well at jobs that need:
    • Dependability
    • Attention to Detail
    • Integrity
    • Cooperation
    • Initiative
    • Leadership

    Tools

    • Specialty wrenches
    • Pressure indicators
    • Pipe or tube cutter
    • Levels
    • Drain or pipe cleaning equipment

    Technology

    • Word processing software
    • Project management software
    • Computer aided design CAD software
    • Analytical or scientific software
    • Accounting software

    Tags

    • InDemand occupations are considered a priority by the state of Ohio.
    • Apprenticeships are available for this occupation. These programs can help you get hands-on experience and build your skills.
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