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Carpenters

Construct, erect, install, or repair structures and fixtures made of wood and comparable materials, such as concrete forms; building frameworks, including partitions, joists, studding, and rafters; and wood stairways, window and door frames, and hardwood floors. May also install cabinets, siding, drywall, and batt or roll insulation. Includes brattice builders who build doors or brattices (ventilation walls or partitions) in underground passageways.

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    Work Activities

    Work Activities

    • Follow established safety rules and regulations and maintain a safe and clean environment.
    • Study specifications in blueprints, sketches, or building plans to prepare project layout and determine dimensions and materials required.
    • Measure and mark cutting lines on materials, using a ruler, pencil, chalk, and marking gauge.
    • Shape or cut materials to specified measurements, using hand tools, machines, or power saws.
    • Install structures or fixtures, such as windows, frames, floorings, trim, or hardware, using carpenters' hand or power tools.
    • Verify trueness of structure, using plumb bob and level.
    • Select and order lumber or other required materials.
    • Arrange for subcontractors to deal with special areas, such as heating or electrical wiring work.
    • Maintain records, document actions, and present written progress reports.
    • Build or repair cabinets, doors, frameworks, floors, or other wooden fixtures used in buildings, using woodworking machines, carpenter's hand tools, or power tools.
    • Prepare cost estimates for clients or employers.
    • Erect scaffolding or ladders for assembling structures above ground level.
    • Anchor and brace forms and other structures in place, using nails, bolts, anchor rods, steel cables, planks, wedges, and timbers.
    • Inspect ceiling or floor tile, wall coverings, siding, glass, or woodwork to detect broken or damaged structures.
    • Assemble and fasten materials to make frameworks or props, using hand tools and wood screws, nails, dowel pins, or glue.
    • Bore boltholes in timber, masonry or concrete walls, using power drill.
    • Maintain job records and schedule work crew.
    • Remove damaged or defective parts or sections of structures and repair or replace, using hand tools.
    • Construct forms or chutes for pouring concrete.
    • Install rough door and window frames, subflooring, fixtures, or temporary supports in structures undergoing construction or repair.
    • Work with or remove hazardous material.
    • Finish surfaces of woodwork or wallboard in houses or buildings, using paint, hand tools, or paneling.
    • Examine structural timbers and supports to detect decay, and replace timbers as required, using hand tools, nuts, and bolts.
    • Dig or direct digging of post holes and set poles to support structures.
    • Apply shock-absorbing, sound-deadening, or decorative paneling to ceilings or walls.
    • Cover subfloors with building paper to keep out moisture and lay hardwood, parquet, or wood-strip-block floors by nailing floors to subfloor or cementing them to mastic or asphalt base.
    • Fill cracks or other defects in plaster or plasterboard and sand patch, using patching plaster, trowel, and sanding tool.
    • Perform minor plumbing, welding, or concrete mixing work.

    Skills

    • Active Listening

      Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

    • Monitoring

      Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

    • Speaking

      Talking to others to convey information effectively.

    WorkKeys®

    Applied Math
    5
    Workplace Documents
    4
    Graphic Literacy
    5

    Abilities

    • Manual Dexterity

      The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.

    • Problem Sensitivity

      The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

    • Trunk Strength

      The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.

    Knowledge

    • Building and Construction

      Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.

    • Mathematics

      Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

    • Design

      Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

    Career Video

    Additional videos and more information available on CareerOneStop

    Pay

    • Ohio Annual Salary 49520/yr
    • Typical Salary
    • Ohio Hourly Wage 23.81/hr
    • Typical Hourly Wage

    Ohio Employment Trends

    • Currently Employed 26,040
    • Yearly Projected Openings 2,960

    Typical Education

    Personality

    Realistic: People interested in this work like activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They do well at jobs that need:
    • Attention to Detail
    • Cooperation
    • Dependability
    • Integrity
    • Self Control
    • Leadership

    Tools

    • Power saws
    • Power routers
    • Planes
    • Levels
    • Ladders

    Technology

    • Word processing software
    • Project management software
    • Information retrieval or search software
    • Computer aided design CAD software
    • Accounting software

    Tags

    • InDemand occupations are considered a priority by the state of Ohio.
    • Apprenticeships are available for this occupation. These programs can help you get hands-on experience and build your skills.
    Need help on researching occupations and careers? Download the Guide to Researching Occupations (PDF).

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