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Atmospheric and Space Scientists

Investigate atmospheric phenomena and interpret meteorological data, gathered by surface and air stations, satellites, and radar to prepare reports and forecasts for public and other uses. Includes weather analysts and forecasters whose functions require the detailed knowledge of meteorology.

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    Work Activities

    Work Activities

    • Broadcast weather conditions, forecasts, or severe weather warnings to the public via television, radio, or the Internet or provide this information to the news media.
    • Gather data from sources such as surface or upper air stations, satellites, weather bureaus, or radar for use in meteorological reports or forecasts.
    • Measure wind, temperature, and humidity in the upper atmosphere, using weather balloons.
    • Prepare weather reports or maps for analysis, distribution, or use in weather broadcasts, using computer graphics.
    • Develop or use mathematical or computer models for weather forecasting.
    • Interpret data, reports, maps, photographs, or charts to predict long- or short-range weather conditions, using computer models and knowledge of climate theory, physics, and mathematics.
    • Prepare forecasts or briefings to meet the needs of industry, business, government, or other groups.
    • Direct forecasting services at weather stations or at radio or television broadcasting facilities.
    • Analyze historical climate information, such as precipitation or temperature records, to help predict future weather or climate trends.
    • Analyze climate data sets, using techniques such as geophysical fluid dynamics, data assimilation, or numerical modeling.
    • Conduct numerical simulations of climate conditions to understand and predict global or regional weather patterns.
    • Conduct meteorological research into the processes or determinants of atmospheric phenomena, weather, or climate.
    • Consult with other offices, agencies, professionals, or researchers regarding the use and interpretation of climatological information for weather predictions and warnings.
    • Research the impact of industrial projects or pollution on climate, air quality, or weather phenomena.
    • Prepare scientific atmospheric or climate reports, articles, or texts.
    • Speak to the public to discuss weather topics or answer questions.
    • Develop computer programs to collect meteorological data or to present meteorological information.
    • Develop and deliver training on weather topics.
    • Apply meteorological knowledge to issues such as global warming, pollution control, or ozone depletion.
    • Collect air samples from planes or ships over land or sea to study atmospheric composition.
    • Design or develop new equipment or methods for meteorological data collection, remote sensing, or related applications.
    • Conduct wind assessment, integration, or validation studies.
    • Teach college-level courses on topics such as atmospheric and space science, meteorology, or global climate change.
    • Create visualizations to illustrate historical or future changes in the Earth's climate, using paleoclimate or climate geographic information systems (GIS) databases.
    • Estimate or predict the effects of global warming over time for specific geographic regions.


    • Reading Comprehension

      Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work-related documents.

    • Active Listening

      Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

    • Critical Thinking

      Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions, or approaches to problems.


    Applied Math
    Workplace Documents
    Graphic Literacy


    • Oral Comprehension

      The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

    • Oral Expression

      The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

    • Written Comprehension

      The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.


    • Physics

      Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub-atomic structures and processes.

    • English Language

      Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

    • Geography

      Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.

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    Ohio Employment Trends

    • Currently Employed Not Available
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    Typical Education


    Investigative: People interested in this work like activities that include ideas, thinking, and figuring things out.They do well at jobs that need:
    • Analytical Thinking
    • Dependability
    • Attention to Detail
    • Stress Tolerance
    • Adaptability/Flexibility
    • Achievement/Effort


    • Temperature or humidity surface observing apparatus
    • Rainfall recorders
    • Radarbased surveillance systems
    • Hygrometers
    • Anemometers


    • Operating system software
    • Object or component oriented development software
    • Graphics or photo imaging software
    • Data base user interface and query software
    • Analytical or scientific software


    • Apprenticeships are available for this occupation. These programs can help you get hands-on experience and build your skills.
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