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Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers

Study the composition, structure, and other physical aspects of the Earth. May use geological, physics, and mathematics knowledge in exploration for oil, gas, minerals, or underground water; or in waste disposal, land reclamation, or other environmental problems. May study the Earth's internal composition, atmospheres, and oceans, and its magnetic, electrical, and gravitational forces. Includes mineralogists, paleontologists, stratigraphers, geodesists, and seismologists.

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    Work Activities

    Work Activities

    • Plan or conduct geological, geochemical, or geophysical field studies or surveys, sample collection, or drilling and testing programs used to collect data for research or application.
    • Analyze and interpret geological data, using computer software.
    • Investigate the composition, structure, or history of the Earth's crust through the collection, examination, measurement, or classification of soils, minerals, rocks, or fossil remains.
    • Analyze and interpret geological, geochemical, or geophysical information from sources, such as survey data, well logs, bore holes, or aerial photos.
    • Assess ground or surface water movement to provide advice on issues, such as waste management, route and site selection, or the restoration of contaminated sites.
    • Identify risks for natural disasters, such as mudslides, earthquakes, or volcanic eruptions.
    • Prepare geological maps, cross-sectional diagrams, charts, or reports concerning mineral extraction, land use, or resource management, using results of fieldwork or laboratory research.
    • Communicate geological findings by writing research papers, participating in conferences, or teaching geological science at universities.
    • Inspect construction projects to analyze engineering problems, using test equipment or drilling machinery.
    • Provide advice on the safe siting of new nuclear reactor projects or methods of nuclear waste management.
    • Locate and estimate probable natural gas, oil, or mineral ore deposits or underground water resources, using aerial photographs, charts, or research or survey results.
    • Advise construction firms or government agencies on dam or road construction, foundation design, land use, or resource management.
    • Measure characteristics of the Earth, such as gravity or magnetic fields, using equipment such as seismographs, gravimeters, torsion balances, or magnetometers.
    • Locate and review research articles or environmental, historical, or technical reports.
    • Conduct geological or geophysical studies to provide information for use in regional development, site selection, or development of public works projects.
    • Design geological mine maps, monitor mine structural integrity, or advise and monitor mining crews.
    • Review environmental, historical, or technical reports and publications for accuracy.
    • Review work plans to determine the effectiveness of activities for mitigating soil or groundwater contamination.
    • Study historical climate change indicators found in locations, such as ice sheets or rock formations to develop climate change models.
    • Test industrial diamonds or abrasives, soil, or rocks to determine their geological characteristics, using optical, x-ray, heat, acid, or precision instruments.
    • Develop strategies for more environmentally friendly resource extraction and reclamation.
    • Identify deposits of construction materials suitable for use as concrete aggregates, road fill, or other applications.
    • Identify new sources of platinum group elements for industrial applications, such as automotive fuel cells or pollution abatement systems.
    • Locate potential sources of geothermal energy.
    • Research ways to reduce the ecological footprint of increasingly prevalent megacities.
    • Collaborate with medical or health researchers to address health problems related to geological materials or processes.
    • Determine ways to mitigate the negative consequences of mineral dust dispersion.
    • Develop ways to capture or use gases burned off as waste during oil production processes.
    • Research geomechanical or geochemical processes to be used in carbon sequestration projects.
    • Develop applied software for the analysis and interpretation of geological data.
    • Determine methods to incorporate geomethane or methane hydrates into global energy production or evaluate the potential environmental impacts of such incorporation.

    Skills

    • Reading Comprehension

      Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

    • Critical Thinking

      Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

    • Science

      Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.

    WorkKeys®

    Applied Math
    5
    Workplace Documents
    6
    Graphic Literacy
    5

    Abilities

    • Inductive Reasoning

      The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

    • Written Comprehension

      The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.

    • Category Flexibility

      The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.

    Knowledge

    • Geography

      Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.

    • English Language

      Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

    • Mathematics

      Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

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    Pay

    • Ohio Annual Salary 78210/yr
    • Typical Salary
    • Ohio Hourly Wage 37.6/hr
    • Typical Hourly Wage

    Ohio Employment Trends

    • Currently Employed 320
    • Yearly Projected Openings 40

    Typical Education

    Personality

    Investigative: People interested in this work like activities that include ideas, thinking, and figuring things out. They do well at jobs that need:
    • Analytical Thinking
    • Integrity
    • Attention to Detail
    • Persistence
    • Initiative
    • Cooperation

    Tools

    • Sonars
    • Soil core sampling apparatus
    • Paramagnetic susceptibility analyzers
    • Geological compasses
    • Electromagnetic geophysical instruments

    Technology

    • Map creation software
    • Graphics or photo imaging software
    • Data base user interface and query software
    • Computer aided design CAD software
    • Analytical or scientific software

    Tags

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