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Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers

Operate or tend washing or dry-cleaning machines to wash or dry-clean industrial or household articles, such as cloth garments, suede, leather, furs, blankets, draperies, linens, rugs, and carpets. Includes spotters and dyers of these articles.

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    Work Activities

    Work Activities

    • Load articles into washers or dry-cleaning machines, or direct other workers to perform loading.
    • Apply bleaching powders to spots and spray them with steam to remove stains from fabrics that do not respond to other cleaning solvents.
    • Start washers, dry cleaners, driers, or extractors, and turn valves or levers to regulate machine processes and the volume of soap, detergent, water, bleach, starch, and other additives.
    • Operate extractors and driers, or direct their operation.
    • Sort and count articles removed from dryers, and fold, wrap, or hang them.
    • Remove items from washers or dry-cleaning machines, or direct other workers to do so.
    • Clean machine filters, and lubricate equipment.
    • Examine and sort into lots articles to be cleaned, according to color, fabric, dirt content, and cleaning technique required.
    • Spray steam, water, or air over spots to flush out chemicals, dry material, raise naps, or brighten colors.
    • Determine spotting procedures and proper solvents, based on fabric and stain types.
    • Receive and mark articles for laundry or dry cleaning with identifying code numbers or names, using hand or machine markers.
    • Pre-soak, sterilize, scrub, spot-clean, and dry contaminated or stained articles, using neutralizer solutions and portable machines.
    • Mix bleaching agents with hot water in vats, and soak material until it is bleached.
    • Apply chemicals to neutralize the effects of solvents.
    • Mix and add detergents, dyes, bleaches, starches, and other solutions and chemicals to clean, color, dry, or stiffen articles.
    • Sprinkle chemical solvents over stains, and pat areas with brushes or sponges to remove stains.
    • Match sample colors, applying knowledge of bleaching agent and dye properties, and types, construction, conditions, and colors of articles.
    • Inspect soiled articles to determine sources of stains, to locate color imperfections, and to identify items requiring special treatment.
    • Operate dry-cleaning machines to clean soiled articles.
    • Operate machines that comb, dry and polish furs, clean, sterilize and fluff feathers and blankets, or roll and package towels.
    • Iron or press articles, fabrics, and furs, using hand irons or pressing machines.
    • Hang curtains, drapes, blankets, pants, and other garments on stretch frames to dry.
    • Clean fabrics, using vacuums or air hoses.
    • Test fabrics in inconspicuous places to determine whether solvents will damage dyes or fabrics.
    • Rinse articles in water and acetic acid solutions to remove excess dye and to fix colors.
    • Identify articles' fabrics and original dyes by sight and touch, or by testing samples with fire or chemical reagents.
    • Start pumps to operate distilling systems that drain and reclaim dry cleaning solvents.
    • Immerse articles in bleaching baths to strip colors.
    • Spread soiled articles on work tables, and position stained portions over vacuum heads or on marble slabs.
    • Mend and sew articles, using hand stitching, adhesive patches, or sewing machines.
    • Dye articles to change or restore their colors, using knowledge of textile compositions and the properties and effects of bleaches and dyes.
    • Wash, dry-clean, or glaze delicate articles or fur garment linings by hand, using mild detergents or dry cleaning solutions.

    Skills

    • Active Listening

      Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

    • Monitoring

      Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

    • Operations Monitoring

      Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.

    WorkKeys®

    Applied Math
    3
    Workplace Documents
    3
    Graphic Literacy
    3

    Abilities

    • Arm-Hand Steadiness

      The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.

    • Control Precision

      The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.

    • Manual Dexterity

      The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.

    Knowledge

    • Customer and Personal Service

      Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.

    • Production and Processing

      Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.

    • English Language

      Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

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    Pay

    • Ohio Annual Salary 23710/yr
    • Typical Salary
    • Ohio Hourly Wage 11.4/hr
    • Typical Hourly Wage

    Ohio Employment Trends

    • Currently Employed 7,760
    • Yearly Projected Openings 990

    Typical Education

    Personality

    Realistic: People interested in this work like activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They do well at jobs that need:
    • Independence
    • Attention to Detail
    • Integrity
    • Dependability
    • Cooperation
    • Self Control

    Tools

    • Laundry type washing machines
    • Identification markers
    • Gas detectors
    • Folding machines
    • Dry cleaning machines

    Technology

    • Point of sale POS software
    • Operating system software
    • Office suite software
    • Internet browser software
    • Electronic mail software

    Tags

    • Apprenticeships are available for this occupation. These programs can help you get hands-on experience and build your skills.
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