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Welders, Cutters, and Welder Fitters

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Use hand-welding or flame-cutting equipment to weld or join metal components or to fill holes, indentations, or seams of fabricated metal products.

    Work Activities
    • Weld components in flat, vertical, or overhead positions.
    • Operate safety equipment and use safe work habits.
    • Lay out, position, align, and secure parts and assemblies prior to assembly, using straightedges, combination squares, calipers, and rulers.
    • Examine workpieces for defects and measure workpieces with straightedges or templates to ensure conformance with specifications.
    • Recognize, set up, and operate hand and power tools common to the welding trade, such as shielded metal arc and gas metal arc welding equipment.
    • Weld separately or in combination, using aluminum, stainless steel, cast iron, and other alloys.
    • Clamp, hold, tack-weld, heat-bend, grind or bolt component parts to obtain required configurations and positions for welding.
    • Select and install torches, torch tips, filler rods, and flux, according to welding chart specifications or types and thicknesses of metals.
    • Ignite torches or start power supplies and strike arcs by touching electrodes to metals being welded, completing electrical circuits.
    • Connect and turn regulator valves to activate and adjust gas flow and pressure so that desired flames are obtained.
    • Determine required equipment and welding methods, applying knowledge of metallurgy, geometry, and welding techniques.
    • Monitor the fitting, burning, and welding processes to avoid overheating of parts or warping, shrinking, distortion, or expansion of material.
    • Operate manual or semi-automatic welding equipment to fuse metal segments, using processes such as gas tungsten arc, gas metal arc, flux-cored arc, plasma arc, shielded metal arc, resistance welding, and submerged arc welding.
    • Analyze engineering drawings, blueprints, specifications, sketches, work orders, and material safety data sheets to plan layout, assembly, and welding operations.
    • Mark or tag material with proper job number, piece marks, and other identifying marks as required.
    • Chip or grind off excess weld, slag, or spatter, using hand scrapers or power chippers, portable grinders, or arc-cutting equipment.
    • Prepare all material surfaces to be welded, ensuring that there is no loose or thick scale, slag, rust, moisture, grease, or other foreign matter.
    • Remove rough spots from workpieces, using portable grinders, hand files, or scrapers.
    • Signal crane operators to move large workpieces.
    • Preheat workpieces prior to welding or bending, using torches or heating furnaces.
    • Develop templates and models for welding projects, using mathematical calculations based on blueprint information.
    • Guide and direct flames or electrodes on or across workpieces to straighten, bend, melt, or build up metal.
    • Position and secure workpieces, using hoists, cranes, wire, and banding machines or hand tools.
    • Detect faulty operation of equipment or defective materials and notify supervisors.
    • Clean or degrease parts, using wire brushes, portable grinders, or chemical baths.
    • Use fire suppression methods in industrial emergencies.
    • Cut, contour, and bevel metal plates and structural shapes to dimensions as specified by blueprints, layouts, work orders, and templates, using powered saws, hand shears, or chipping knives.
    • Repair products by dismantling, straightening, reshaping, and reassembling parts, using cutting torches, straightening presses, and hand tools.
    • Fill holes, and increase the size of metal parts.
    • Check grooves, angles, or gap allowances, using micrometers, calipers, and precision measuring instruments.
    • Estimate materials needed for production and manufacturing and maintain required stocks of materials.
    • Operate metal shaping, straightening, and bending machines, such as brakes and shears.
    • Join parts such as beams and steel reinforcing rods in buildings, bridges, and highways, bolting and riveting as necessary.
    • Set up and use ladders and scaffolding as necessary to complete work.
    • Gouge metals, using the air-arc gouging process.
    • Hammer out bulges or bends in metal workpieces.
    • Dismantle metal assemblies or cut scrap metal, using thermal-cutting equipment, such as flame-cutting torches or plasma-arc equipment.
    • Mix and apply protective coatings to products.
    • Operate brazing and soldering equipment.
    • Melt lead bars, wire, or scrap to add lead to joints or to extrude melted scrap into reusable form.
    Skills
    WorkKeys®
    Applied Math
    N/A
    Workplace Documents
    N/A
    Graphic Literacy
    N/A
    Abilities
    Knowledge
    Career Video
    Additional videos and more information available on CareerOneStop
    Pay
    • Ohio Annual Salary 39930/yr
    • Typical Salary
    • Ohio Hourly Wage 19.2/hr
    • Typical Hourly Wage
    Ohio Employment Trends
    • Currently Employed 18,080
    • Yearly Projected Openings 1,970
    Typical Education
    Personality
    : They do well at jobs that need:
    Tools
    • Welding masks
    • Manlift or personnel lift
    • Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus
    • Electrode holder
    • Drill press or radial drill
    Technology
    • Spreadsheet software
    • Office suite software
    • Data base user interface and query software
    • Computer aided design CAD software
    • Calendar and scheduling software
    Tags
    • Green occupations are jobs that contribute to energy conservation, development of alternative energy, reducing pollution, or recycling.