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Welders, Cutters, and Welder Fitters Print

Use hand-welding or flame-cutting equipment to weld or join metal components or to fill holes, indentations, or seams of fabricated metal products.

Work Activities
  • Weld components in flat, vertical, or overhead positions.
  • Operate safety equipment and use safe work habits.
  • Lay out, position, align, and secure parts and assemblies prior to assembly, using straightedges, combination squares, calipers, and rulers.
  • Examine workpieces for defects and measure workpieces with straightedges or templates to ensure conformance with specifications.
  • Recognize, set up, and operate hand and power tools common to the welding trade, such as shielded metal arc and gas metal arc welding equipment.
  • Weld separately or in combination, using aluminum, stainless steel, cast iron, and other alloys.
  • Clamp, hold, tack-weld, heat-bend, grind or bolt component parts to obtain required configurations and positions for welding.
  • Select and install torches, torch tips, filler rods, and flux, according to welding chart specifications or types and thicknesses of metals.
  • Ignite torches or start power supplies and strike arcs by touching electrodes to metals being welded, completing electrical circuits.
  • Connect and turn regulator valves to activate and adjust gas flow and pressure so that desired flames are obtained.
  • Determine required equipment and welding methods, applying knowledge of metallurgy, geometry, and welding techniques.
  • Operate manual or semi-automatic welding equipment to fuse metal segments, using processes such as gas tungsten arc, gas metal arc, flux-cored arc, plasma arc, shielded metal arc, resistance welding, and submerged arc welding.
  • Monitor the fitting, burning, and welding processes to avoid overheating of parts or warping, shrinking, distortion, or expansion of material.
  • Mark or tag material with proper job number, piece marks, and other identifying marks as required.
  • Analyze engineering drawings, blueprints, specifications, sketches, work orders, and material safety data sheets to plan layout, assembly, and welding operations.
  • Chip or grind off excess weld, slag, or spatter, using hand scrapers or power chippers, portable grinders, or arc-cutting equipment.
  • Prepare all material surfaces to be welded, ensuring that there is no loose or thick scale, slag, rust, moisture, grease, or other foreign matter.
  • Remove rough spots from workpieces, using portable grinders, hand files, or scrapers.
  • Signal crane operators to move large workpieces.
  • Preheat workpieces prior to welding or bending, using torches or heating furnaces.
  • Develop templates and models for welding projects, using mathematical calculations based on blueprint information.
  • Position and secure workpieces, using hoists, cranes, wire, and banding machines or hand tools.
  • Guide and direct flames or electrodes on or across workpieces to straighten, bend, melt, or build up metal.
  • Detect faulty operation of equipment or defective materials and notify supervisors.
  • Clean or degrease parts, using wire brushes, portable grinders, or chemical baths.
  • Use fire suppression methods in industrial emergencies.
  • Cut, contour, and bevel metal plates and structural shapes to dimensions as specified by blueprints, layouts, work orders, and templates, using powered saws, hand shears, or chipping knives.
  • Repair products by dismantling, straightening, reshaping, and reassembling parts, using cutting torches, straightening presses, and hand tools.
  • Fill holes, and increase the size of metal parts.
  • Estimate materials needed for production and manufacturing and maintain required stocks of materials.
  • Check grooves, angles, or gap allowances, using micrometers, calipers, and precision measuring instruments.
  • Operate metal shaping, straightening, and bending machines, such as brakes and shears.
  • Join parts such as beams and steel reinforcing rods in buildings, bridges, and highways, bolting and riveting as necessary.
  • Set up and use ladders and scaffolding as necessary to complete work.
  • Gouge metals, using the air-arc gouging process.
  • Hammer out bulges or bends in metal workpieces.
  • Dismantle metal assemblies or cut scrap metal, using thermal-cutting equipment, such as flame-cutting torches or plasma-arc equipment.
  • Mix and apply protective coatings to products.
  • Operate brazing and soldering equipment.
  • Melt lead bars, wire, or scrap to add lead to joints or to extrude melted scrap into reusable form.
Skills
  • Critical Thinking

    Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

  • Operation and Control

    Controlling operations of equipment or systems.

  • Monitoring

    Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

WorkKeys®
Applied Mathematics
4
Reading for Information
4
Locating Information
4
Abilities
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness

    The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.

  • Near Vision

    The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).

  • Control Precision

    The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.

Knowledge
  • Production and Processing

    Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.

  • Design

    Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

  • Administration and Management

    Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.

Career Video
Additional videos and more information available on CareerOneStop
Pay
  • Ohio Annual Salary $37,790/yr
  • Typical Salary
  • Ohio Hourly Wage $18.17/hr
  • Typical Hourly Wage
Ohio Employment Trends
  • Currently Employed 15,670
  • Yearly Projected Openings 460
Typical Education
Personality
Realistic: People interested in this work like activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They do well at jobs that need:
  • Attention to Detail
  • Dependability
  • Adaptability/Flexibility
  • Independence
  • Innovation
  • Integrity
Tools
  • Welding masks
  • Manlift or personnel lift
  • Gas welding or brazing or cutting apparatus
  • Electrode holder
  • Drill press or radial drill
Technology
  • Spreadsheet software
  • Data base user interface and query software
  • Computer aided design CAD software
  • Calendar and scheduling software
  • Analytical or scientific software
Tags
  • InDemand occupations are considered a priority by the state of Ohio.
  • Bright Outlook occupations will grow rapidly in the next few years, have a large number of openings, or are new and emerging careers.
  • Green occupations are jobs that contribute to energy conservation, development of alternative energy, reducing pollution, or recycling.
  • Apprenticeships are available for this occupation. These programs can help you get hands-on experience and build your skills.