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Farm and Ranch Managers

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Plan, direct, or coordinate the management or operation of farms, ranches, greenhouses, aquacultural operations, nurseries, timber tracts, or other agricultural establishments. May hire, train, or supervise farm workers or contract for services to carry out the day-to-day activities of the managed operation. May engage in or supervise planting, cultivating, harvesting, financial, or marketing activities.

    Work Activities
    • Operate or oversee the operations of dairy farms that produce bulk milk.
    • Inspect orchards or fields to determine crop maturity or condition or to detect disease or insect infestation.
    • Direct crop production operations, such as planning, tilling, planting, fertilizing, cultivating, spraying, or harvesting.
    • Monitor activities, such as irrigation, chemical application, harvesting, milking, breeding, or grading, to ensure adherence to safety regulations or standards.
    • Plan crop activities based on factors such as crop maturity or weather conditions.
    • Maintain financial, operational, production, or employment records for farms or ranches.
    • Obtain financing necessary for purchases of machinery, land, supplies, or livestock.
    • Direct the breeding or raising of stock, such as cattle, poultry, or honeybees, using recognized breeding practices to ensure stock improvement.
    • Inspect farm or ranch equipment to ensure proper functioning.
    • Buy or sell futures contracts or price farm products in advance of future sales to minimize risk or maximize profits.
    • Plan and direct development or production of hardier or higher-yield hybrid plant varieties.
    • Monitor pasture or grazing land use to ensure that livestock are properly fed or that conservation methods, such as rotational grazing, are used.
    • Monitor and adjust irrigation systems to distribute water according to crop needs and to avoid wasting water.
    • Negotiate with buyers for the sale, storage, or shipment of crops or livestock.
    • Analyze soil to determine types or quantities of fertilizer required for maximum crop production.
    • Evaluate marketing or sales alternatives for farm or ranch products.
    • Direct livestock or crop waste recycling operations.
    • Prepare budgets or financial reports for farm or ranch operations.
    • Determine types or quantities of crops or livestock to be raised, according to factors such as market conditions, federal programs or incentives, or soil conditions.
    • Demonstrate or explain working techniques, practices, or safety regulations to farm or ranch workers.
    • Hire, train, or supervise workers engaged in planting, cultivating, irrigating, harvesting, or marketing crops, or in raising livestock.
    • Analyze market conditions to determine acreage allocations.
    • Select or purchase machinery, equipment, livestock, or supplies, such as seed, feed, fertilizer, or chemicals.
    • Inspect farm or ranch structures, such as buildings, fences, or roads, ordering repair or maintenance activities, as needed.
    • Replace chemical insecticides with environmentally friendly practices, such as adding pest-repelling plants to fields.
    • Supervise the construction of farm or ranch structures, such as buildings, fences, drainage systems, wells, or roads.
    • Change processes, such as drying, grading, storing, or shipping, to improve efficiency or profitability.
    • Critical Thinking

      Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

    • Judgment and Decision Making

      Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

    • Speaking

      Talking to others to convey information effectively.

    Applied Math
    Workplace Documents
    Graphic Literacy
    • Deductive Reasoning

      The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

    • Problem Sensitivity

      The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

    • Inductive Reasoning

      The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).

    • Food Production

      Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

    • Administration and Management

      Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.

    • Mathematics

      Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

    Career Video
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    • Ohio Annual Salary $66,170/yr
    • Typical Salary
    • Ohio Hourly Wage $31.81/hr
    • Typical Hourly Wage
    Ohio Employment Trends
    • Currently Employed 80,350
    • Yearly Projected Openings 5,850
    Typical Education
    Enterprising: People interested in this work like activities that include leading, making decisions, and business. They do well at jobs that need:
    • Integrity
    • Independence
    • Dependability
    • Initiative
    • Attention to Detail
    • Innovation
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    • Animal husbandry equipment
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    • Green occupations are jobs that contribute to energy conservation, development of alternative energy, reducing pollution, or recycling.
    • Apprenticeships are available for this occupation. These programs can help you get hands-on experience and build your skills.