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Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers

Drive a tractor-trailer combination or a truck with a capacity of at least 26,001 pounds Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW). May be required to unload truck. Requires commercial drivers' license. Includes tow truck drivers.

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    Work Activities

    Work Activities

    • Check vehicles to ensure that mechanical, safety, and emergency equipment is in good working order.
    • Follow appropriate safety procedures for transporting dangerous goods.
    • Maintain logs of working hours or of vehicle service or repair status, following applicable state and federal regulations.
    • Inspect loads to ensure that cargo is secure.
    • Secure cargo for transport, using ropes, blocks, chain, binders, or covers.
    • Follow special cargo-related procedures, such as checking refrigeration systems for frozen foods or providing food or water for livestock.
    • Maneuver trucks into loading or unloading positions, following signals from loading crew and checking that vehicle and loading equipment are properly positioned.
    • Report vehicle defects, accidents, traffic violations, or damage to the vehicles.
    • Obtain receipts or signatures for delivered goods and collect payment for services when required.
    • Drive trucks with capacities greater than 3 tons, including tractor-trailer combinations, to transport and deliver products, livestock, or other materials.
    • Check all load-related documentation for completeness and accuracy.
    • Read bills of lading to determine assignment details.
    • Drive trucks to weigh stations before and after loading and along routes in compliance with state regulations.
    • Collect delivery instructions from appropriate sources, verifying instructions and routes.
    • Couple or uncouple trailers by changing trailer jack positions, connecting or disconnecting air or electrical lines, or manipulating fifth-wheel locks.
    • Check conditions of trailers after contents have been unloaded to ensure that there has been no damage.
    • Inventory and inspect goods to be moved to determine quantities and conditions.
    • Perform basic vehicle maintenance tasks, such as adding oil, fuel, or radiator fluid or performing minor repairs.
    • Read and interpret maps to determine vehicle routes.
    • Crank trailer landing gear up or down to safely secure vehicles.
    • Wrap and secure goods using pads, packing paper, containers, or straps.
    • Operate equipment, such as truck cab computers, CB radios, phones, or global positioning systems (GPS) equipment to exchange necessary information with bases, supervisors, or other drivers.
    • Plan or adjust routes based on changing conditions, using computer equipment, global positioning systems (GPS) equipment, or other navigation devices, to minimize fuel consumption and carbon emissions.
    • Load or unload trucks or help others with loading or unloading, using special loading-related equipment or other equipment as necessary.
    • Remove debris from loaded trailers.
    • Install or remove special equipment, such as tire chains, grader blades, plow blades, or sanders.
    • Operate idle reduction systems or auxiliary power systems to generate power from alternative sources, such as fuel cells, to reduce idling time, to heat or cool truck cabins, or to provide power for other equipment.
    • Perform emergency roadside repairs, such as changing tires or installing light bulbs, tire chains, or spark plugs.
    • Give directions to laborers who are packing goods and moving them onto trailers.
    • Drive electric or hybrid-electric powered trucks or alternative fuel-powered trucks to transport and deliver products, livestock, or other materials.
    • Operate trucks equipped with snowplows or sander attachments to maintain roads in winter weather.

    Skills

    • Operation and Control

      Controlling operations of equipment or systems.

    • Operations Monitoring

      Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.

    • Time Management

      Managing one's own time and the time of others.

    WorkKeys®

    Applied Math
    3
    Workplace Documents
    3
    Graphic Literacy
    4

    Abilities

    • Control Precision

      The ability to quickly and repeatedly adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.

    • Far Vision

      The ability to see details at a distance.

    • Multilimb Coordination

      The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.

    Knowledge

    • Transportation

      Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.

    • Public Safety and Security

      Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.

    • Customer and Personal Service

      Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.

    Career Video

    Additional videos and more information available on CareerOneStop

    Pay

    • Ohio Annual Salary 46420/yr
    • Typical Salary
    • Ohio Hourly Wage 22.32/hr
    • Typical Hourly Wage

    Ohio Employment Trends

    • Currently Employed 78,550
    • Yearly Projected Openings 9,630

    Typical Education

    Personality

    Realistic: People interested in this work like activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They do well at jobs that need:
    • Dependability
    • Self Control
    • Attention to Detail
    • Integrity
    • Stress Tolerance
    • Cooperation

    Tools

    • Trailer hitches
    • Lifts
    • Forklifts
    • Flatbed trailers
    • Dump trucks

    Technology

    • Word processing software
    • Route navigation software
    • Inventory management software
    • Data base user interface and query software
    • Analytical or scientific software

    Tags

    • InDemand occupations are considered a priority by the state of Ohio.
    • Bright Outlook occupations will grow rapidly in the next few years, have a large number of openings, or are new and emerging careers.
    • Apprenticeships are available for this occupation. These programs can help you get hands-on experience and build your skills.
    Need help on researching occupations and careers? Download the Guide to Researching Occupations (PDF).

    Need help on how to research education and training programs? Download the Guide to Higher Education (PDF).

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    Workforce Supply Tool

    Workforce Supply Tool

    The Workforce Supply Tool provides statistics for the occupations in highest demand throughout Ohio.

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