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Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers

Install or repair heating, central air conditioning, HVAC, or refrigeration systems, including oil burners, hot-air furnaces, and heating stoves.

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    Work Activities

    Work Activities

    • Repair or replace defective equipment, components, or wiring.
    • Repair or replace defective equipment, components, or wiring.
    • Install dehumidifiers or related equipment for spaces that require cool, dry air to operate efficiently, such as computer rooms.
    • Connect heating or air conditioning equipment to fuel, water, or refrigerant source to form complete circuit.
    • Comply with all applicable standards, policies, or procedures, such as safety procedures or the maintenance of a clean work area.
    • Install or repair air purification systems, such as specialized filters or ultraviolet (UV) light purification systems.
    • Repair or replace defective equipment, components, or wiring.
    • Estimate, order, pick up, deliver, and install materials and supplies needed to maintain equipment in good working condition.
    • Install auxiliary components to heating or cooling equipment, such as expansion or discharge valves, air ducts, pipes, blowers, dampers, flues, or stokers.
    • Measure, cut, thread, or bend pipe or tubing, using pipe fitter's tools.
    • Install, connect, or adjust thermostats, humidistats, or timers.
    • Braze or solder parts to repair defective joints and leaks.
    • Estimate, order, pick up, deliver, and install materials and supplies needed to maintain equipment in good working condition.
    • Install or repair self-contained ground source heat pumps or hybrid ground or air source heat pumps to minimize carbon-based energy consumption and reduce carbon emissions.
    • Lay out reference points for installation of structural and functional components, using measuring instruments.
    • Schedule work with customers and initiate work orders, house requisitions, and orders from stock.
    • Measure, cut, thread, or bend pipe or tubing, using pipe fitter's tools.
    • Supervise and instruct assistants.
    • Keep records of repairs and replacements made and causes of malfunctions.
    • Supervise and instruct assistants.
    • Inspect and test systems to verify system compliance with plans and specifications or to detect and locate malfunctions.
    • Install expansion and control valves, using acetylene torches and wrenches.
    • Mount compressor, condenser, and other components in specified locations on frames, using hand tools and acetylene welding equipment.
    • Install or repair self-contained ground source heat pumps or hybrid ground or air source heat pumps to minimize carbon-based energy consumption and reduce carbon emissions.
    • Lift and align components into position, using hoist or block and tackle.
    • Record and report time, materials, faults, deficiencies, or other unusual occurrences on work orders.
    • Study blueprints, design specifications, or manufacturers' recommendations to ascertain the configuration of heating or cooling equipment components and to ensure the proper installation of components.
    • Cut or drill holes in floors, walls, or roof to install equipment, using power saws or drills.
    • Install or repair air purification systems, such as specialized filters or ultraviolet (UV) light purification systems.
    • Install, connect, or adjust thermostats, humidistats, or timers.
    • Discuss heating or cooling system malfunctions with users to isolate problems or to verify that repairs corrected malfunctions.
    • Recommend, develop, or perform preventive or general maintenance procedures, such as cleaning, power-washing, or vacuuming equipment, oiling parts, or changing filters.
    • Adjust system controls to settings recommended by manufacturer to balance system.
    • Test electrical circuits or components for continuity, using electrical test equipment.
    • Lay out and connect electrical wiring between controls and equipment, according to wiring diagrams, using electrician's hand tools.
    • Estimate, order, pick up, deliver, and install materials and supplies needed to maintain equipment in good working condition.
    • Perform mechanical overhauls and refrigerant reclaiming.

    Skills

    • Systems Evaluation

      Measuring how well a system is working and how to improve it.

    • Management of Financial Resources

      Making spending decisions and keeping track of what is spent.

    • Systems Analysis

      Figuring out how a system should work and how changes in the future will affect it.

    • Installation

      Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or computer programs.

    • Quality Control Analysis

      Testing how well a product or service works.

    • Instructing

      Teaching people how to do something.

    • Operations Monitoring

      Watching gauges, dials, or display screens to make sure a machine is working.

    • Negotiation

      Bringing people together to solve differences.

    • Operations Analysis

      Figuring out what a product or service needs to be able to do.

    • Social Perceptiveness

      Understanding people's reactions.

    • Technology Design

      Making equipment and technology useful for customers.

    • Judgment and Decision Making

      Thinking about the pros and cons of different options and picking the best one.

    • Time Management

      Managing your time and the time of other people.

    • Persuasion

      Talking people into changing their minds or their behavior.

    • Programming

      Writing computer programs.

    • Equipment Selection

      Deciding what kind of tools and equipment are needed to do a job.

    • Active Learning

      Figuring out how to use new ideas or things.

    • Operation and Control

      Using equipment or systems.

    • Active Listening

      Listening to others, not interrupting, and asking good questions.

    • Troubleshooting

      Figuring out what is causing equipment, machines, wiring, or computer programs to not work.

    • Management of Personnel Resources

      Selecting and managing the best workers for a job.

    • Repairing

      Repairing machines or systems using the right tools.

    • Learning Strategies

      Using the best training or teaching strategies for learning new things.

    • Complex Problem Solving

      Noticing a problem and figuring out the best way to solve it.

    • Service Orientation

      Looking for ways to help people.

    • Science

      Using scientific rules and strategies to solve problems.

    • Mathematics

      Using math to solve problems.

    • Writing

      Writing things for co-workers or customers.

    • Management of Material Resources

      Managing equipment and materials.

    • Coordination

      Changing what is done based on other people's actions.

    • Reading Comprehension

      Reading work-related information.

    • Equipment Maintenance

      Planning and doing the basic maintenance on equipment.

    • Speaking

      Talking to others.

    • Critical Thinking

      Thinking about the pros and cons of different ways to solve a problem.

    • Monitoring

      Keeping track of how well people and/or groups are doing in order to make improvements.

    WorkKeys®

    Applied Math
    4
    Workplace Documents
    4
    Graphic Literacy
    5

    Abilities

    • Inductive Reasoning

      Making general rules or coming up with answers from lots of detailed information.

    • Finger Dexterity

      Putting together small parts with your fingers.

    • Speed of Limb Movement

      Quickly moving your arms and legs.

    • Stamina

      Exercising for a long time without getting out of breath.

    • Dynamic Flexibility

      Quickly and repeatedly bending, stretching, twisting, or reaching out with your body, arms, and/or legs.

    • Gross Body Equilibrium

      Keeping your balance or staying upright.

    • Visual Color Discrimination

      Noticing the difference between colors, including shades and brightness.

    • Peripheral Vision

      Seeing something to your side when your are looking ahead.

    • Depth Perception

      Deciding which thing is closer or farther away from you, or deciding how far away it is from you.

    • Arm-Hand Steadiness

      Keeping your arm or hand steady.

    • Rate Control

      Changing when and how fast you move based on how something else is moving.

    • Time Sharing

      Doing two or more things at the same time.

    • Flexibility of Closure

      Seeing hidden patterns.

    • Selective Attention

      Paying attention to something without being distracted.

    • Reaction Time

      Quickly moving your hand, finger, or foot based on a sound, light, picture or other command.

    • Written Expression

      Communicating by writing.

    • Problem Sensitivity

      Noticing when problems happen.

    • Wrist-Finger Speed

      Making fast, simple, repeated movements of your fingers, hands, and wrists.

    • Fluency of Ideas

      Coming up with lots of ideas.

    • Sound Localization

      Noticing the direction that a sound came from.

    • Speech Recognition

      Recognizing spoken words.

    • Speech Clarity

      Speaking clearly.

    • Response Orientation

      Quickly deciding if you should move your hand, foot, or other body part.

    • Manual Dexterity

      Holding or moving items with your hands.

    • Originality

      Creating new and original ideas.

    • Oral Expression

      Communicating by speaking.

    • Number Facility

      Adding, subtracting, multiplying, or dividing.

    • Deductive Reasoning

      Using rules to solve problems.

    • Perceptual Speed

      Quickly comparing groups of letters, numbers, pictures, or other things.

    • Control Precision

      Quickly changing the controls of a machine, car, truck or boat.

    • Spatial Orientation

      Knowing where things are around you.

    • Static Strength

      Lifting, pushing, pulling, or carrying.

    • Dynamic Strength

      Exercising for a long time without your muscles getting tired.

    • Trunk Strength

      Using your lower back and stomach.

    • Extent Flexibility

      Bending, stretching, twisting, or reaching with your body, arms, and/or legs.

    • Near Vision

      Seeing details up close.

    • Night Vision

      Seeing at night or under low light.

    • Written Comprehension

      Reading and understanding what is written.

    • Memorization

      Remembering words, numbers, pictures, or steps.

    • Mathematical Reasoning

      Choosing the right type of math to solve a problem.

    • Multilimb Coordination

      Using your arms and/or legs together while sitting, standing, or lying down.

    • Explosive Strength

      Jumping, sprinting, or throwing something.

    • Gross Body Coordination

      Moving your arms, legs, and mid-section together while your whole body is moving.

    • Far Vision

      Seeing details that are far away.

    • Glare Sensitivity

      Seeing something even if there is a glare or very bright light.

    • Oral Comprehension

      Listening and understanding what people say.

    • Information Ordering

      Ordering or arranging things.

    • Auditory Attention

      Paying attention to one sound while there are other distracting sounds.

    • Visualization

      Imagining how something will look after it is moved around or changed.

    • Speed of Closure

      Quickly knowing what you are looking at.

    • Category Flexibility

      Grouping things in different ways.

    • Hearing Sensitivity

      Telling the difference between sounds.

    Knowledge

    • Sociology and Anthropology

      Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures, and their history and origins.

    • Physics

      Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub-atomic structures and processes.

    • Economics and Accounting

      Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking, and the analysis and reporting of financial data.

    • Medicine and Dentistry

      Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.

    • Customer and Personal Service

      Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.

    • Building and Construction

      Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.

    • Chemistry

      Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.

    • Mathematics

      Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

    • History and Archeology

      Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.

    • Personnel and Human Resources

      Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.

    • Food Production

      Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.

    • Psychology

      Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.

    • Biology

      Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.

    • Public Safety and Security

      Knowledge of relevant equipment, policies, procedures, and strategies to promote effective local, state, or national security operations for the protection of people, data, property, and institutions.

    • Telecommunications

      Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems.

    • Administrative

      Knowledge of administrative and office procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and workplace terminology.

    • Communications and Media

      Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.

    • Computers and Electronics

      Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

    • Fine Arts

      Knowledge of the theory and techniques required to compose, produce, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture.

    • Philosophy and Theology

      Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions. This includes their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, practices, and their impact on human culture.

    • Design

      Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.

    • Law and Government

      Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.

    • Therapy and Counseling

      Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.

    • Sales and Marketing

      Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.

    • Production and Processing

      Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.

    • Mechanical

      Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.

    • English Language

      Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

    • Geography

      Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.

    • Foreign Language

      Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.

    • Education and Training

      Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

    • Administration and Management

      Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.

    • Engineering and Technology

      Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.

    • Transportation

      Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.

    Career Video

    Additional videos and more information available on CareerOneStop

    Pay

    • Ohio Annual Salary 48810/yr
    • Typical Salary
    • Ohio Hourly Wage 23.47/hr
    • Typical Hourly Wage

    Ohio Employment Trends

    • Currently Employed 13,810
    • Yearly Projected Openings 1430

    Typical Education

    Personality

    Realistic: People interested in this work like activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions.They do well at jobs that need:
    • Attention to Detail
    • Analytical Thinking
    • Dependability
    • Independence
    • Initiative
    • Persistence

    Tools

    • Adjustable widemouth pliers
    • Adjustable wrenches
    • Air compressors
    • Air velocity and temperature monitors
    • Alignment jig
    • Ammeters
    • Anemometers
    • Awls
    • Blocks or pulleys
    • Blow torch
    • Bolt cutters
    • Calibrated resistance measuring equipment
    • Calipers
    • Capacitance meters
    • Carbon monoxide analyzer
    • Caulking guns
    • Chalk lines
    • Chart recorders
    • Chemical test strips or papers
    • Circuit tester
    • Circuit tracers
    • Claw hammer
    • Cold chisels
    • Conduit benders
    • Depth indicators
    • Desktop computers
    • Diagonal cut pliers
    • Dial indicator or dial gauge
    • Drill bit set
    • Drill press or radial drill
    • Electrical frequency meters
    • Electronic measuring probes
    • End cut pliers
    • Explosimeters
    • Feeler gauges
    • Fish tape
    • Flow sensors
    • Flowmeters
    • Forklifts
    • Frequency calibrator or simulator
    • GFI circuit testers
    • Gas detectors
    • Glue guns
    • Goggles
    • Grease guns
    • Hacksaw
    • Hammers
    • Hand reamer
    • Hand sprayers
    • Hand trucks or accessories
    • Handheld refractometers or polarimeters
    • Handheld thermometer
    • Heat tracing equipment
    • Hex keys
    • Hoists
    • Hold down clamps
    • Hole saws
    • Hydraulic pumps
    • Hygrometers
    • Infrared imagers
    • Inspection mirror
    • Jacks
    • Label making machines
    • Ladders
    • Laser printers
    • Leak testing equipment
    • Level sensors or transmitters
    • Levels
    • Lifelines or lifeline equipment
    • Liquid leak detectors
    • Longnose pliers
    • Lug crimping tool dies
    • Magnetic tools
    • Manometers
    • Manual wire straighteners
    • Medical acoustic stethoscopes
    • Megohmmeters
    • Metal band sawing machine
    • Metal cutters
    • Microcontrollers
    • Micrometers
    • Moisture meters
    • Multimeters
    • Notebook computers
    • Nut drivers
    • Ohmmeters
    • Oil gun
    • Oil pumps
    • Open end wrenches
    • Oxygen gas analyzers
    • Personal computers
    • Phasemeters
    • Pipe bending tools
    • Pipe or tube cutter
    • Pipe reamer
    • Pipe wrenches
    • Platform lift
    • Plotter printers
    • Portable data input terminals
    • Potentiometers
    • Power drills
    • Power flaring tool
    • Power grinders
    • Power saws
    • Pressure indicators
    • Pressure or steam cleaners
    • Pressure sensors
    • Pry bars
    • Psychrometers
    • Pullers
    • Punches or nail sets or drifts
    • Razor knives
    • Refrigerant compressors
    • Resistance thermometers
    • Respirators
    • Rulers
    • Safety glasses
    • Safety harnesses or belts
    • Sampling manifolds
    • Scaffolding
    • Scales
    • Scanners
    • Screw extractors
    • Screwdrivers
    • Scribers
    • Shackle
    • Shears
    • Sheet metal pliers
    • Single gas monitors
    • Slings
    • Slip or groove joint pliers
    • Smoke detectors
    • Socket sets
    • Soldering iron
    • Sound measuring apparatus or decibel meter
    • Specialty wrenches
    • Spectrometers
    • Speed sensors
    • Squares
    • Straight edges
    • Strap wrenches
    • Stripping tools
    • Surface thermometers
    • Swaging tools
    • Tachometers
    • Tape measures
    • Telescoping boom lift
    • Temperature calibrator or simulator
    • Temperature gauge
    • Temperature humidity testers
    • Tension testers
    • Thermocouple probes
    • Thermocouples
    • Threading die hand tool
    • Threading taps
    • Tinners snips
    • Tongs
    • Torque wrenches
    • Tube bending machine
    • Two way radios
    • Ultraviolet UV lamps
    • Utility knives
    • Vacuum cleaners
    • Vacuum gauges
    • Vacuum pumps
    • Vibration testers
    • Voltage or current meters
    • Water analyzers
    • Water samplers
    • Wattmeters
    • Welder torch
    • Welding masks
    • Winches
    • Wire brushes
    • Wire cutters
    • Wire lug crimping tool
    • pH meters

    Technology

    • Computer aided design CAD software
    • Customer relationship management CRM software
    • Data base user interface and query software
    • Document management software
    • Electronic mail software
    • Enterprise resource planning ERP software
    • Facilities management software
    • Graphics or photo imaging software
    • Industrial control software
    • Internet browser software
    • Office suite software
    • Presentation software
    • Spreadsheet software
    • Word processing software

    Tags

    • InDemand occupations are considered a priority by the state of Ohio.
    • Apprenticeships are available for this occupation. These programs can help you get hands-on experience and build your skills.
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    Workforce Supply Tool

    Workforce Supply Tool

    The Workforce Supply Tool provides statistics for the occupations in highest demand throughout Ohio.

    You can view statewide statistics as well as more region specific information.

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