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Clinical and Counseling Psychologists

Assess, diagnose, and treat mental and emotional disorders of individuals through observation, interview, and psychological tests. Help individuals with distress or maladjustment understand their problems through their knowledge of case history, interviews with patients, and theory. Provide individual or group counseling services to assist individuals in achieving more effective personal, social, educational, and vocational development and adjustment. May design behavior modification programs and consult with medical personnel regarding the best treatment for patients.

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    Work Activities

    Work Activities

    • Collect information about individuals or clients, using interviews, case histories, observational techniques, and other assessment methods.
    • Document patient information including session notes, progress notes, recommendations, and treatment plans.
    • Counsel individuals, groups, or families to help them understand problems, deal with crisis situations, define goals, and develop realistic action plans.
    • Interact with clients to assist them in gaining insight, defining goals, and planning action to achieve effective personal, social, educational, or vocational development and adjustment.
    • Develop therapeutic and treatment plans based on clients' interests, abilities, or needs.
    • Identify psychological, emotional, or behavioral issues and diagnose disorders, using information obtained from interviews, tests, records, or reference materials.
    • Use a variety of treatment methods, such as psychotherapy, hypnosis, behavior modification, stress reduction therapy, psychodrama, or play therapy.
    • Write reports on clients and maintain required paperwork.
    • Consult with or provide consultation to other doctors, therapists, or clinicians regarding patient care.
    • Obtain and study medical, psychological, social, and family histories by interviewing individuals, couples, or families and by reviewing records.
    • Evaluate the effectiveness of counseling or treatments and the accuracy and completeness of diagnoses, modifying plans or diagnoses as necessary.
    • Select, administer, score, and interpret psychological tests to obtain information on individuals' intelligence, achievements, interests, or personalities.
    • Advise clients on how they could be helped by counseling.
    • Develop and implement individual treatment plans, specifying type, frequency, intensity, and duration of therapy.
    • Consult with other professionals, agencies, or universities to discuss therapies, treatments, counseling resources or techniques, and to share occupational information.
    • Refer clients to other specialists, institutions, or support services as necessary.
    • Maintain current knowledge of relevant research.
    • Consult reference material, such as textbooks, manuals, or journals, to identify symptoms, make diagnoses, or develop approaches to treatment.
    • Plan and develop accredited psychological service programs in psychiatric centers or hospitals, in collaboration with psychiatrists and other professional staff.
    • Observe individuals at play, in group interactions, or in other contexts to detect indications of mental deficiency, abnormal behavior, or maladjustment.
    • Direct, coordinate, and evaluate activities of staff and interns engaged in patient assessment and treatment.
    • Provide consulting services, including educational programs, outreach programs, or prevention talks to schools, social service agencies, businesses, or the general public.
    • Develop, direct, and participate in training programs for staff and students.
    • Provide occupational, educational, or other information to individuals so that they can make educational or vocational plans.
    • Provide psychological or administrative services and advice to private firms or community agencies regarding mental health programs or individual cases.
    • Conduct research to develop or improve diagnostic or therapeutic counseling techniques.
    • Plan, supervise, and conduct psychological research and write papers describing research results.

    Skills

    • Social Perceptiveness

      Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.

    • Active Listening

      Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

    • Speaking

      Talking to others to convey information effectively.

    WorkKeys®

    Applied Math
    N/A
    Workplace Documents
    N/A
    Graphic Literacy
    N/A

    Abilities

    • Oral Comprehension

      The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

    • Oral Expression

      The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

    • Problem Sensitivity

      The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

    Knowledge

    • Psychology

      Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.

    • Therapy and Counseling

      Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.

    • English Language

      Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

    Career Video

    Additional videos and more information available on CareerOneStop

    Pay

    • Ohio Annual Salary 74400/yr
    • Typical Salary
    • Ohio Hourly Wage 35.77/hr
    • Typical Hourly Wage

    Ohio Employment Trends

    • Currently Employed 5,520
    • Yearly Projected Openings 480

    Typical Education

    Personality

    Investigative: People interested in this work like activities that include ideas, thinking, and figuring things out. They do well at jobs that need:
    • Concern for Others
    • Integrity
    • Dependability
    • Self Control
    • Stress Tolerance
    • Social Orientation

    Tools

    • Personal computers
    • Notebook computers
    • High capacity removable media drives
    • Electromyography EMG units or accessories
    • Desktop computers

    Technology

    • Word processing software
    • Spreadsheet software
    • Medical software
    • Calendar and scheduling software
    • Analytical or scientific software
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