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Industrial-Organizational Psychologists

Apply principles of psychology to human resources, administration, management, sales, and marketing problems. Activities may include policy planning; employee testing and selection, training, and development; and organizational development and analysis. May work with management to organize the work setting to improve worker productivity.

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    Work Activities

    Work Activities

    • Formulate and implement training programs, applying principles of learning and individual differences.
    • Participate in mediation and dispute resolution.
    • Conduct research studies of physical work environments, organizational structures, communication systems, group interactions, morale, or motivation to assess organizational functioning.
    • Conduct presentations on research findings for clients or at research meetings.
    • Provide expert testimony in employment lawsuits.
    • Study consumers' reactions to new products and package designs, and to advertising efforts, using surveys and tests.
    • Develop interview techniques, rating scales, and psychological tests used to assess skills, abilities, and interests for the purpose of employee selection, placement, or promotion.
    • Review research literature to remain current on psychological science issues.
    • Conduct individual assessments, including interpreting measures and providing feedback for selection, placement, or promotion.
    • Write articles, white papers, or reports to share research findings and educate others.
    • Develop new business by contacting potential clients, making sales presentations, and writing proposals.
    • Develop and implement employee selection or placement programs.
    • Train clients to administer human resources functions including testing, selection, and performance management.
    • Analyze job requirements and content to establish criteria for classification, selection, training, and other related personnel functions.
    • Provide advice on best practices and implementation for selection.
    • Observe and interview workers to obtain information about the physical, mental, and educational requirements of jobs as well as information about aspects such as job satisfaction.
    • Coach senior executives and managers on leadership and performance.
    • Study organizational effectiveness, productivity, and efficiency, including the nature of workplace supervision and leadership.
    • Write reports on research findings and implications to contribute to general knowledge or to suggest potential changes in organizational functioning.
    • Counsel workers about job and career-related issues.
    • Advise management concerning personnel, managerial, and marketing policies and practices and their potential effects on organizational effectiveness and efficiency.
    • Analyze data, using statistical methods and applications, to evaluate the outcomes and effectiveness of workplace programs.


    • Active Listening

      Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

    • Reading Comprehension

      Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work-related documents.

    • Complex Problem Solving

      Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.


    Applied Math
    Workplace Documents
    Graphic Literacy


    • Oral Comprehension

      The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

    • Oral Expression

      The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

    • Written Comprehension

      The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.


    • Psychology

      Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.

    • Personnel and Human Resources

      Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.

    • English Language

      Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

    Career Video

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    Ohio Employment Trends

    • Currently Employed Not Available
    • Yearly Projected Openings Not Available

    Typical Education


    Investigative: People interested in this work like activities that include ideas, thinking, and figuring things out.They do well at jobs that need:
    • Analytical Thinking
    • Initiative
    • Integrity
    • Dependability
    • Achievement/Effort
    • Leadership


    • Personal computers
    • Notebook computers
    • Liquid crystal display projector
    • High capacity removable media drives
    • Desktop computers


    • Spreadsheet software
    • Presentation software
    • Data base user interface and query software
    • Computer based training software
    • Analytical or scientific software
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